Bovec is a destination with a rich history. Among the historical events, Napoleon’s march through Predel and the World War I events are the most prominent, described by the famous writer Hemingway in his novel Farewell to Arms.
Objects, used by soldiers during the World War I on the Isonzo front, can be found in the museum collections in Bovec an Kobarid.
ISONZO FRONT – World War I in Bovec and the Soča Valley
Those who like to research the military history, can visit the corners and the areas of the Soča Valley, where the mighty battles used to rage. The wrathful battles in the areas of Rombon, Bovška kotlina, Ravelnik, Krnsko pogorje and the mountain ridge above the Tolminska kotlina and Kobarid left many forts, caverns, trenches, the remains and cemeteries behind, which are now connected by The Walk of Peace.
THE KLUŽE FORT
This majestic fort above the Koritnica gorge is one of the most visited cultural sights in the Soča valley. It is an important monument to the defence against Turkish invasions, Napoleon’s army and attacks during World War I.
The history of the Kluže Fort is captured in the remarkable nature, between the steep slopes of Rombon, Slemen and the 70 m deep emerald green gorges of the River Koritnica. Here you will feel and admire the draughts of the past that marked this strategically important position, also known as Bovška vrata.
In the 15th century, the Kluže Fort was a wooden fortification, intended to prevent the Turkish invasions to Koroška. Later on, a stone fortification was build. The fort obtained its modern view in the 19th century, while in the 20th century it played an important role on the Isonzo Front.
Location: The Kluže Fort lies 4 km out of Bovec in the directon of the Predel mountain pass.
Church of St. Ulrich
Features of the church of St. Ulrich:
Originally built as a small medieval church (in 1192), later expanded into a Baroque church (in 1720) and finally renovated with Neo-Romanesque elements (1860);
Preserved Gothic elements (portals, triumphal arch);
Monumental red stone Baroque altar;
Majestic bell tower.
Church of the Virgin Mary in Polje
This Gothic church was built in the 16th century.
Features of the church of the Virgin Mary in Polje:
- preserved frescoes painted by Jernej of Loka (1529);
- Gothic style: high windows, ribbed arch in the presbytery;
- the church suffered some damaged in World War One and from various earthquakes but was later fully restored.
Church of St. Leonard
This Gothic church was built in the 15th century.
The ruin with preserved peripheral walls and a part of the pointed arch and portal have been reconstructed as a Gothic building with an open bell tower.
Access to the church of St. Leonard:
The church of St. Leonard is situated in the forest at Ravne, on the left side of the road from Bovec to the Kluže fort.
Church of St. Stephen
Church of St. Joseph
The parish church in the village of Soča boasts famous paintings by Tone Kralj.
Features of the church of St. Joseph:
- Built in 1718, consecrated in 1823, expanded in 1893;
- paintings by Tone Kralj (1944);
- unique depictions of Biblical scenes with elements of social criticism, depictions of Slavic saints;
- a natural monument, the linden tree outside the church is the most majestic tree in the Soča valley.
Access to the church of St. Joseph:
The church is situated in the village of Soča along the main Bovec-Trenta road.
Church of the Virgin Mary of Loreto
The miners’ Baroque style church of the Virgin Mary of Loreto was built in 1690.
The church is situated in Trenta in the settlement of Pri Cerkvi along the Bovec-Vršič road.
Features of the church of the Virgin Mary of Loreto
- built by the Counts of Attems, the then-owners of the Trenta ironworks;
- Baroque style: Black Madonna statue in the alter niche, a marble relief depicting the Annunciation, a stone Madonna statue in a niche on the church front;
- Tone Kralj’s paintings from 1945;
- part of the church roof is shingled;
- the building was remodelled in the early 20th century.
The traditional holy mass on the name day of St. Anne is held in the church of the Virgin Mary of Loreto every year.
Cemetery in Bovec
Military cemetery in the Soča village
Military cemetery in Trenta
Monument and military cemetery in Log pod Mangartom
Monument in the Strmec village
Monument to the fallen in the Golobar battle
Fortress and Monument to Predel
Monument of dr. Julius Kugy
Dr. Julius Kugy (1858-1944) is among the greatest admirers of the Julian Alps and Trenta. He was a lawyer by profession, otherwise a humanist who deserves to be designated as a person who discovered the Julian Alps. With the help of local mountain guides, he was the first winner of many peaks of the Julian Alps and many times climbed the new path. His books refine the beauty of the mountain area and artistically express their good will for the people living in the mountains and his love of secretive small values. Thus he built a permanent monument to the Julian Alps and the people of Trenta.